by Sherri Konzem Boehringer, PharmD, BCPS and Victoria Devore Woodard, PharmD and Susanne J. Pavlovich-Danis, RN, MSN, ARNP-C, CDE, CRRN and James F. Ross, PT, DPT, CSCS
The prevalence of hypertension in the United States has increased from about 50 million in 1988 to 76.4 million in 2008. An estimated one-third of the population, more than 76.4 million Americans, has hypertension. The death rate from high blood pressure increased 20.2% and the actual number of deaths increased 49.7% during the past few years; in 2008, high BP contributed to 347,689 deaths. Fewer than half of Americans with hypertension have met established BP goals. The prevalence of hypertension is highest in non-Hispanic blacks, tends to be higher in women and increases with advancing age. Recent data suggest that even people free of hypertension at age 55 still have a 90% lifetime risk of developing high BP. Because there are so many Americans with hypertension, it is vital for us to recognize hypertension and be familiar with the most common treatments, including lifestyle changes and medications.
The purpose of this program is to inform nurses, dietitians, paramedics and EMTs, pharmacists, physical therapists, physicians and radiologic technologists about current guidelines and drug therapy for the management of hypertension. After studying the information presented here, you will be able to:
- State blood pressure goals in patients with uncomplicated hypertension and in patients with diabetes or renal disease
- Discuss the five components of lifestyle modification
- Discuss the five classes of antihypertensive drugs known to reduce the complications
This free course offering is available until 30 September 2013. Click here to take this free course for Physical Therapists.